Abstract : We give the most refined intrinsic classification of three dimensional Euclidean lattices by combining the 14 Bravais classes, the 5 combinatorial types of Voronoï cells and the 24 Delone symbols. After recalling the fondamental concepts of group actions, we define Bravais classes and Voronoï celles in arbitrary dimension. We are quite explicit for the application to two and three dimensions.]]>

Abstract : An energy band in a solid contains an infinite number of states which transform linearly as a space group representation induced from a finite dimensional representation of the isotropy group of a point in space. A band representation is elementary if it cannot be decomposed as a direct sum of band representations; it describes a single band. We give a complete classification of the inequivalent elementary band representations.]]>

This paper will appear in part two of Symmetry in Nature, a volume in honour of Luigi Radicati di Brozolo, Sculoa Normale Superiore, Pisa, 1989]]>